Long Read

Outcomes and strategies

In our Theory of Change we have defined five desired outcomes for our programmes, needed to achieve our mission. Below them, we outline the strategies we use to achieve these outcomes.

Theory of Change

Outcome 1: Norms and practices are gender equitable and inclusive

To a large extent, cultural and social norms define how people behave and interact. For example, norms might prescribe that men decide what the household income is spent on or that women and girls are not allowed to cook while menstruating. To create space for women to become more socially and economically empowered, learn and practice new skills and access services, it is important that norms and practices are supportive.

How do we work on this?

  • We create space for dialogue and reflection between women, within communities, with service providers and with key government and other stakeholders.
  • We enhance the knowledge and skills of women and girls – and the people around them – on topics such as Sexual Reproductive Health & Rights (SRHR), Water, Sanitation & Hygiene (WASH), gender equality and human rights.
  • We work with change agents and role models who can spearhead change in their communities.

Outcome 2: Women have control over and capacity to manage resources

In most households in our focus countries men hold the decision-making power and decide what the household income is spent on. This often means that women do not have access to, or control over assets (such as tools that are needed to make a product that can be sold) and resources (cash or a loan). Being economically empowered enables women to access SRHR and WASH services and products and make their own decisions. It also influences women’s status within their families and communities.

How do we work on this?

  • We train women in finance literacy and provide them with relevant skills to generate an income.
  • We give support to women on organising saving groups and expanding their network.
  • We engage men and key stakeholders in moving towards gender equality and gaining their support for women’s economic empowerment.

Outcome 3: Women voice their priorities and participate in decision-making

Men are often the main decision-makers in households and the communities where we work. But women have different needs from men, and it is important that these needs are included in decisions on both water, sanitation and hygiene and on sexual and reproductive health facilities and services. This is why Simavi works with women and girls as well as decision-makers and decision-making bodies – to ensure women’s voices are heard.

How do we work on this?

  • We ensure women have the right knowledge, skills and tools to actively participate in decision-making at both household and community level.
  • We strengthen the capacity of local civil society organisations (such as women’s rights organisations) so they are able to represent women and girls in decision-making and lobby for their rights and needs to be met.
  • We enhance the knowledge and skills of husbands and decision-makers so that they support women taking part in decision-making.

Outcome 4: Women make use of sustainable SRHR and WASH services

To pursue their right to health, it is important that women and girls have access to SRHR and WASH services that respond to their specific needs. Simavi works with public and private service providers to ensure that services are available, accessible, acceptable and of good quality. For women and girls to actually use these services, they have to be aware of them and recognise the importance of using them – and of course they must have money to pay for them and for transport. Moreover, they must be allowed to make use of these services by the people around them, as social and cultural norms might restrict them from using services.

How do we work on this?

  • We train service providers to deliver youth-friendly and women-friendly services.
  • We ensure women are engaged in decision-making structures, such as WASH committees.
  • We provide training and support to women and communities to demand services using social accountability methods.

Outcome 5: Women-friendly policies are in place and implemented

To sustain our work, it is important that women-friendly policies are in place and implemented at national and local levels. At the same time, international instruments, such as new resolutions, should also adequately articulate women’s needs, as these present a strong basis for further translation into national policies.

How do we work on this?

  • We inform women and girls about their rights and support them to claim their rights.
  • We strengthen the capacity of local CSOs and provide them with knowledge and tools to lobby government authorities to uphold their legal obligations.
  • We support duty bearers (governments, service providers, corporate sector) to fulfil their existing obligations.
  • We lobby with national and international stakeholders to ensure needs are represented in new legislation.

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