After almost five years, Simavi’s Sanitation, Hygiene and Water (SHAW) programme in Indonesia will come to an end this month. In the consolidation and exit phase we have gathered the lessons learned and best practices. Ariette Brouwer, Simavi’s Managing Director, shared these results with the Indonesian government and other partners during a national symposium on June 8 and 9 in Yogyakarta.
Between April 2010 and June 2015, Simavi coordinated the non-subsidy SHAW programme, which was funded by the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It supported the Indonesian government in its objective to scale up Community Based Total Sanitation (STBM) throughout Indonesia.
Implementing all five pillars of STBM
SHAW is the first programme in Indonesia that focuses on all five pillars of STBM: 1) Open Defecation Free (ODF) communities; 2) Washing hands with soap and running water at critical moments; 3) Household water treatment and safe storage of water and food; 4) Solid waste management; 5) Liquid waste management. The SHAW programme has proven that implementing all the five pillars in an integrated manner at community level is very feasible and yields better results in sustaining healthy living and healthy behaviour.
Saskia Geling, Simavi’s Programme Manager WASH: “I’m very proud we have achieved more than we expected. We have developed a successful methodology to implement all five pillars in a sustainable way. We are ready to share our experiences and to scale up!”
1.4 million people show healthier behaviour
Our local partners worked together with village volunteers at the grassroots level, motivating the community. Some 1.4 million people have been reached and 564 villages have been declared to have the status of ‘100% STBM’, meaning all people in the village practice the five pillars of STBM. Another 436 villages have also the 100% STBM status, but they are still in the process of getting the official declaration.
Out of these people, around 1,065,000 have actually changed their behaviour. They practice all five pillars of STBM, which is a great result showing the impact of our activities. People interviewed mentioned that their health situation changed in a positive way, both for women and men.
Wat they mentioned mostly were decreased incidence of diarrhoea and worm infections, less malaria and less skin diseases.
We also focused on a smooth handover to the Indonesian government, ensuring the sustainability of our STBM implementation. Through a multi-stakeholder approach and advocacy efforts by our local partners, four out of the nine targeted districts have committed budget to the continuation of STBM in their development plans.
Sharing experience on national symposium
During the symposium -organised in collaboration with JEJARING AMPL (WSS network) – SHAW partners shared their experience in implementing, maintaining and continuing the five pillars STBM with the Indonesian Water Supply & Sanitation (WSS) stakeholders. In total 200 people participated, including representatives of different ministries and representatives of other sanitation programmes. Five talk shows were organised about: 1) Imbedding sustainability of the STBM 5 pillar strategy; 2) Demand creation; 3) Supply change and Technology; 4) Monitoring; 5) Scaling up.
Ariette Brouwer: “It was impressive to experience all different stakeholders participate in each talk show; members of different organisations, authorities, partners shared their learnings during the talk show lead by one of the five partners. People are very committed and passionate about their achievements”.
Supporting access to water and sanitation for all Indonesians
The Indonesian government’s target is universal access to water and sanitation by 2019. Simavi is seeking to continue supporting this target with a next phase in the SHAW programme. A plan has been developed for this next phase in 2015, using 1) the success factors and determinants, and 2) the critical steps of implementation from SHAW. Using these, we can design a fast and affordable replication strategy that is nonetheless of good quality.
A more detailed report of the results and challenges within the SHAW programme can be found here.